Integrated Science Instrument Module (ISIM)
The Integrated Science Instrument Module (ISIM) is one of three major elements that comprise the James Webb Space Telescope Observatory flight system. The others are the Optical Telescope Element (OTE) and the Spacecraft Element (Spacecraft Bus and Sunshield).
The ISIM includes the following instruments:
- Near-Infrared Camera, or NIRCam - provided by the University of Arizona
- Near-Infrared Spectrograph,
or NIRSpec - provided by ESA, with components provided by NASA/GSFC.
- Mid-Infrared Instrument, or
MIRI - provided by the European Consortium with the European Space Agency
(ESA), and by the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
- Fine Guidance Sensor/ Near InfraRed Imager and Slitless Spectrograph , or FGS/NIRISS - provided by the Canadian Space Agency.
Go behind the scenes of the cryogenic testing of the ISIM structure:
Technical Details about the ISIM:
Integrating four major instruments and numerous subsystems into one payload, the ISIM, is a daunting endeavor. To simplify integration, engineers have divided the ISIM into three regions.
The "region 1" component is the cryogenic instrument module. This chills the detectors down to 39 K, a necessary first-stage cooling effort so that the spacecraft's own heat doesn't interfere with the infrared light (a form of heat) detected from distant cosmic sources. The ISIM/OTE Thermal Management Subsystem provides passive cooling. Other devices will get the detectors even colder.
The "region 2" component is the ISIM Electronics Compartment, which provides the mounting surfaces and ambient thermally controlled environment for the instrument control electronics.
The "region 3" component, located within the Spacecraft Bus, is the ISIM Command and Data Handling subsystem, with integral ISIM flight Software, and the MIRI cryocooler compressor and control electronics.